What is Ulcerative Colitis?

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease that affects the large intestine.

The main symptom of ulcerative colitis is continuous inflammation of the inner lining of the colon, which can lead to ulceration and bleeding.

Ulcerative colitis is a serious condition that can be debilitating and even life-threatening.

There is no cure for ulcerative colitis, but there are treatments that can help to manage the symptoms and improve the quality of life for those affected by the condition.

This blog article will expand your knowledge on Ulcerative colitis, the symptoms and treatment thereof and that you are able to have a normal life after being diagnosed with UC.


What Are the Symptoms of Ulcerative Colitis?


Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease that causes inflammation and ulceration of the colon and rectum.

The symptoms of ulcerative colitis vary from mild to severe and can include:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Bloody stools
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue

Some people with the disease also experience:

  • Joint pain
  • Eye irritation
  • Skin rashes

Should you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, it is advisable to get in contact with your doctor for proper diagnosis.


What to Expect When You First Get Diagnosed


If you are newly diagnosed with a chronic illness, you may be wondering what to expect.
Here are a few things you can expect when you first get diagnosed:

  1. You may feel overwhelmed.
    Chronic illnesses can be complex and difficult to manage. When you first receive a diagnosis, you may feel overwhelmed by everything you need to do to manage your condition.
  1. You will need to learn about your illness.
    Chronic illnesses require active management. This means that you will need to learn about your illness and how to best manage it. This can be a lot of information to take in, so be patient with yourself as you learn.
  1. You will need to make lifestyle changes.
    Chronic illnesses often require lifestyle changes in order to manage them effectively. This may include changes to your diet, exercise routine, and sleep habits. These changes can be difficult to make, but they are necessary to manage your condition.
  1. You will need to find a support system.
    Chronic illnesses can be isolating. It is important to find a support system of family, friends, and/or other people with chronic illnesses to help you through this journey.
  1. You will need to advocate for yourself.
    Chronic illnesses can be complex and hard to manage. You will need to be your own advocate, learning everything you can about your condition and working to get the best care possible.


What Is the Therapy for Ulcerative Colitis?


There are many different therapies for ulcerative colitis, and the best one for each individual may vary depending on the severity of the condition.

In general, however, the goal of therapy is to reduce inflammation in the colon and rectum, which can help to relieve symptoms and heal the lining of the intestine.

Medications that are commonly used to treat ulcerative colitis include anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, and biologics.

In some cases, surgery may also be necessary to remove the diseased portion of the intestine.


What Causes Ulcerative Colitis Flares?


There is no one definitive answer to this question as the cause of ulcerative colitis flares can differ from person to person.

However, there are some common triggers that have been identified, such as certain foods, stress, medication, and infection.

Identifying and avoiding your personal triggers can help to prevent future flares. If you are unsure what your triggers are, keeping a food and symptom diary can be helpful in identifying patterns.

In addition, working with a healthcare professional to develop a flare-up prevention plan can be beneficial.


How To Live with Ulcerative Colitis

If you have ulcerative colitis, it’s important to work with your healthcare team to develop a treatment plan that meets your needs.

Some people with milder forms of the disease may only require occasional use of over-the-counter medications, while others may need prescription medications or surgery.

Diet and lifestyle changes can also be helpful in managing symptoms.

Ulcerative colitis can be a difficult disease to live with, but there are ways to manage the symptoms and improve your quality of life.

Work with your healthcare team to develop a treatment plan, and make sure to take care of yourself both physically and emotionally.


Alternative Treatments and Lifestyle Changes You Can Do


There are a number of alternative treatments and lifestyle changes that may help to improve symptoms and quality of life.

Dietary changes are a common approach to managing ulcerative colitis. Some people find that eliminating certain foods from their diet helps to reduce symptoms.

Common trigger foods include dairy, gluten, and processed foods. Adding more fiber to the diet may also help to reduce symptoms.

There are a number of alternative therapies that may also help to manage ulcerative colitis. These include acupuncture, massage, and yoga.

Probiotics and herbal supplements are also sometimes recommended.

Making lifestyle changes can also be helpful in managing ulcerative colitis.

Stress management techniques such as relaxation and meditation may help to reduce symptoms. Getting regular exercise and enough sleep are also important.


What is the Prognosis of Ulcerative Colitis?

The prognosis of ulcerative colitis can vary depending on the severity of the condition. In mild cases, the disease may go into remission without treatment.

However, ulcerative colitis is a chronic condition, which means it can flare up at any time. In more severe cases, the disease may require lifelong treatment.


How Beneficial is a Clinical Trial?

A clinical trial is a research study that evaluates a new medical treatment, drug, or device. Clinical trials are important because they help determine whether a new treatment is safe and effective.

There are four main phases of a clinical trial: Phase I, II, III, and IV.

Phase I trials are the first step in testing a new treatment. These trials are small and usually involve healthy volunteers.

The purpose of a Phase I trial is to assess its safety.

Phase II trials build on the results of Phase I trials. These trials are larger and involve people who have the condition that the new treatment is intended to treat. The purpose of a Phase II trial is to assess the efficacy of the new treatment and to continue to assess its safety.

Phase III trials are even larger and involve people from different geographic areas. The purpose of a Phase III trial is to confirm the efficacy of the new treatment and to assess its safety in a larger group of people.

Phase IV trials are post-marketing studies. These trials are conducted after a new treatment has been approved by the FDA and is being used by the general public.

The purpose of a Phase IV trial is to monitor the long-term safety of the new treatment. 



Contact the Experts


Spoke Research Inc is a clinical research company dedicated to the clinical research of Diseases of the Immune System.

If you have been diagnosed with Ulcerative Colitis or Crohn’s disease, you may be eligible to participate in our clinical trials.

Dr George and Dr. Deetlefs are clinical investigators at Spoke Research Inc and became involved in Clinical Research in 2017, and now runs the Inflammatory Bowel Disease trials.

If you’d like to take part in a clinical trial, join us here:

Apply for Crohn’s Disease Trial
Apply for Ulcerative Colitis Trial

We are here to provide you with expert medical advice in the field of clinical research with years of experience.

Contact us to find out more on clinical trials and treatment.

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Future treatments are now one step closer. 

Contact us

Spoke Research Inc
Mediclinic Milnerton,
Suite 109
Racecourse Rd, Milnerton
Cape Town


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